Open Journal Systems

Compressive Strength and Light Transmission of Translucent Concrete by Using Optical Fiber

       Dian Pranata Putra Pranata Ambali, Jumiarti Andi Lolo, Garudea Martha Handyaningtyas, Gerson Kona Tasik, Heinprianto Kewegok Goran

Abstract


Global warming or an increase in the earth's temperature triggers the innovation of green building materials to reduce the contribution of buildings to the effect of greenhouse gases. One of the building materials innovations in reducing energy use is translucent concrete. However, the addition of optical fiber as a material capable of transmitting light in a transparent concrete mixture can reduce the compressive strength of the concrete. This study aimed to determine the ability of translucent concrete to transmit light and how strong the compressive strength of translucent concrete using optical fiber. Measurement of light transmission gives the result that the larger the diameter of the optical fiber used, the greater the value of light transmission. While testing the compressive strength of concrete shows that the use of optical fiber in transparent concrete reduces the compressive strength of concrete by about 26%. The addition of silica fume in the translucent concrete mixture has an impact on increasing the compressive strength which is almost equivalent to normal concrete. Variations in the arrangement of optical fibers in the transparent concrete mixture were also carried out, namely straight and random arrangements, then the results obtained that translucent concrete with straight optical fiber arrangements had a better light transmission value than translucent concrete with random optical fiber arrangements. On the other hand, the compressive strength of translucent concrete with straight optical fiber arrangement is lower than that of translucent concrete with random optical fiber arrangement.


  http://dx.doi.org/10.31544/jtera.v8.i2.2023.247-254

Keywords


translucent concrete; optical fiber; compressive strength; light transmission; silica fume

Full Text:

  PDF

References


P. Agreement, “Paris agreement,” in Report of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (21st Session, 2015: Paris). Retrived December, HeinOnline, 2015, p. 2017.

“Embodied Carbon Guidance for Building Owners and Investors,” Carbon Leadership Forum, May 20, 2021. https://carbonleadershipforum.org/embodied-carbon-guidance-for-building-owners-and-investors/ (accessed Nov. 08, 2021).

J. Sunil, K. Amol, K. Chetan, and T. Pravin, “A study on translucent concrete product and its properties by using optical fibers,” International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER), vol. 5, pp. 53–57, 2015.

B. K. Kashiyani, V. Raina, J. Pitroda, and B. K. Shah, “A study on transparent concrete: a novel architectural material to explore construction sector,” International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology, vol. 2, no. 8, pp. 83–87, 2013.

S. Pratiwi, H. Prayuda, and F. Prayuda, “Kuat Tekan Beton Serat Menggunakan Variasi Fibre Optic dan Pecahan Kaca,” Semesta Teknika, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 55–67, 2016.

A. Ahuja and K. M. Mosalam, “Evaluating energy consumption saving from translucent concrete building envelope,” Energy and Buildings, vol. 153, pp. 448–460, 2017.

W. G. Huong and U. Kassim, “Translucent Concrete by Plastics Fibre Optics as A Sustainable Material That Benefit to Residential Building,” J. Adv. Res. Eng. Knowledge, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1–6, 2019.

J. A. Lolo, D. P. P. Ambali, and M. L. Paembonan, “Karakterisasi Serbuk Kaca sebagai Substitusi Parsial Semen terhadap Sifat Fisis-mekanis Campuran Beton,” Journal Dynamic Saint, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 850–854, 2019.

A. Karandikar, N. Virdhi, and A. Deep, “Translucent concrete: test of compressive strength and transmittance,” Micron, vol. 237, pp. 74–320, 2015.

S. Luhar and U. Khandelwal, “Compressive strength of translucent concrete,” Int. J. Eng. Sci. Emerg. Technol, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 52–54, 2015.

B. R. Ganapathi, P. V. Kumar, S. Rakathish, and M. M. M. Gayathri, “Experimental Analysis of Translucent Concrete”.

S. A. Khedr and M. N. Abou-Zeid, “Characteristics of silica-fume concrete,” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 357–375, 1994.

M. Mazloom, A. A. Ramezanianpour, and J. J. Brooks, “Effect of silica fume on mechanical properties of high-strength concrete,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 347–357, 2004.

V. Yogendran, B. W. Langan, M. N. Haque, and M. A. Ward, “Silica fume in high-strength concrete,” Materials Journal, vol. 84, no. 2, pp. 124–129, 1987.

M. A. Rasol, “Effect of silica fume on concrete properties and advantages for Kurdistan region, Iraq,” International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 170–173, 2015.

S. Mindess, Developments in the Formulation and Reinforcement of Concrete. Woodhead Publishing, 2019.

A. A. Momin, R. B. Kadiranaikar, V. Jagirdar, and A. Inamdar, “Study on light transmittance of concrete using optical fibers and glass rods,” in International Conference on Advances in Engineering & Technology, 2014, pp. 67–72.

S. Patil Gaurao and V. Patil Swapnal, “Light Transmitting Concrete-A New Innovation,” International Journal of Engineering Research and General Science, vol. 3, no. 2 Part 2, pp. 83–99, 2015.

S. Shitote, A. Tuaum, and W. O. Oyawa, “Experimental evaluation on light transmittance performance of translucent concrete,” 2018.

S. L. Pagliolico, V. R. L. Verso, A. Torta, M. Giraud, F. Canonico, and L. Ligi, “A preliminary study on light transmittance properties of translucent concrete panels with coarse waste glass inclusions,” Energy Procedia, vol. 78, pp. 1811–1816, 2015.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31544/jtera.v8.i2.2023.247-254
Abstract 117 View    PDF viewed = 51 View

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023 JTERA (Jurnal Teknologi Rekayasa)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright @2016-2023 JTERA (Jurnal Teknologi Rekayasa) p-ISSN 2548-737X e-ISSN 2548-8678.

  Lisensi Creative Commons

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

JTERA Editorial Office:
Politeknik Sukabumi
Jl. Babakan Sirna 25, Sukabumi 43132, West Java, Indonesia
Phone/Fax: +62 266215417
Whatsapp: +62 81809214709
Website: https://jtera.polteksmi.ac.id
E-mail: jtera@polteksmi.ac.id