Open Journal Systems

Evaluation of Minimization and Storage Management of Medical Waste at Hospital During the Covid-19 Pandemic

       Aura Dhia Rizki Atthar, Mega Mutiara Sari, Iva Yenis Septiariva, I Wayan Koko Suryawan


Health facilities such as hospitals produce medical waste and non-medical waste. Improper management of medical waste can cause the spread of infectious nature, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic. Therefore, management at the source, such as minimization and containment, is important and must be evaluated. This study evaluates hospital medical waste management based on minimization and containment efforts. This research was conducted by direct observation and literature review. The findings on minimization efforts are following regulations such as reducing the use of materials containing hazardous and toxic materials if there is a choice, avoiding accumulation and expiration of the procurement of chemicals and pharmaceuticals, and separating non-medical and medical waste according to the waste category. The container also meets the standard where the container is equipped with a cover and is made of puncture-resistant material. The containers are also equipped with bags and symbols according to the characteristics of the waste with internal transportation at least once a day or when the container has been filled. Garbage officers prepare medical waste handover documents. Transportation from the production source to the temporary shelter (TPS) uses a yellow trolley with a biohazard symbol, tightly closed with a predetermined route, and cleaning and disinfection are carried out on the trolleys that are used every day.


medical waste; minimization; storage; Covid-19

Full Text:



J. Raven, H. Wurie, and S. Witter, “Health workers’ experiences of coping with the Ebola epidemic in Sierra Leone’s health system: a qualitative study,” BMC Health Serv. Res., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 251, 2018.

R. G. Judd and S. Sheffield, “Hospital Social Work: Contemporary Roles and Professional Activities,” Soc. Work Health Care, vol. 49, no. 9, pp. 856–871, Oct. 2010.

S. Ethaib, “Solid Waste Situation in Thi-Qar Governorate,” IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng., vol. 584, no. 1, pp. 12023, 2019.

A. Tripathi, V. K. Tyagi, V. Vivekanand, P. Bose, and S. Suthar, "Challenges, opportunities, and progress in solid waste management during COVID-19 pandemic," Case Stud. Chem. Environ. Eng., vol. 2, pp. 100060, 2020.

Septiariva, A. Sarwono, I. W. K. Suryawan, and B. S. Ramadan, “Municipal Infectious Waste during COVID-19 Pandemic: Trends, Impacts, and Management,” Int. J. Public Heal. Sci., vol. 11, no. 2, 2022.

S. A. Wilujeng, E. Damanhuri, and M. Chaerul, “MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT IN PRIVATE CLINICS IN SURABAYA AND FACTORS AFFECTING IT,” GEOMATE J., vol. 16, no. 55 SE-Articles, pp. 34–39, Mar. 2019.

S. Ilyas, R. R. Srivastava, and H. Kim, “Disinfection technology and strategies for COVID-19 hospital and bio-medical waste management,” Sci. Total Environ., vol. 749, pp. 141652, 2020.

S. Sangkham, “Face mask and medical waste disposal during the novel COVID-19 pandemic in Asia,” Case Stud. Chem. Environ. Eng., vol. 2, pp. 100052, Sep. 2020.

M. M. Sari, “Planning of Single-Used Mask Waste Containers as Personal Protective Equipment: A Case Study of Jakarta City Station,” Int. J. Public Heal. Sci., vol. 11, 2022.

H. I. Abdel-Shafy and M. S. M. Mansour, “Solid waste issue: Sources, composition, disposal, recycling, and valorization,” Egypt. J. Pet., vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 1275–1290, 2018.

M. R. Cordova, I. S. Nurhati, E. Riani, Nurhasanah, and M. Y. Iswari, “Unprecedented plastic-made personal protective equipment (PPE) debris in river outlets into Jakarta Bay during COVID-19 pandemic,” Chemosphere, vol. 268, pp. 129360, Apr. 2021.


M. H. Aryantie, T. Widodo, R. Wahyuni, B. Purwanto, and M. Y. Hidayat, “Projection of incinerators for medical waste processing during a pandemic: a case study of COVID-19 in Jakarta Province,” IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci., vol. 909, no. 1, p. 12011, 2021.

Menteri Lingkungan Hidup, Peraturan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Nomor P.56/MENLHK-SETJEN/2015 tentang Tata Cara dan Persyaratan Teknis Pengelolaan Limbah Bahan. 2015.

H. C. Zhang, T. C. Kuo, H. Lu, and S. H. Huang, “Environmentally conscious design and manufacturing: A state-of-the-art survey,” J. Manuf. Syst., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 352–371, 1997.

Menteri Lingkungan Hidup, Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Nomor 7 Tahun 2019 Tentang Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan tentang Kesehatan Lingkungan Rumah Sakit.

Bapedal, Keputusan Kepala Bapedal No. 1 Tahun 1995. Tentang : Tata Cara Dan Persyaratan Teknis. Penyimpanan Dan Pengumpulan Limbah Bahan. Berbahaya Dan Beracun. 1995.

A. A. Purwanti, “PENGELOLAAN LIMBAH PADAT BAHAN BERBAHAYA DAN BERACUN (B3) RUMAH SAKIT DI RSUD Dr.SOETOMO SURABAYA,” J. Kesehat. Lingkung., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 291–298, 2015.

M. M. Sari, “Identification of Face Mask Waste Generation and Processing in Tourist Areas with Thermo-Chemical Process,” Arch. Environ. Prot., 2022.

A. L. Patrício Silva, “Increased plastic pollution due to COVID-19 pandemic: Challenges and recommendations,” Chem. Eng. J., vol. 405, p. 126683, 2021.

I. Sholikhah, D. Sekarsari, A. D. Nastiti, N. Ulhasanah, and I. W. K. Suryawan, “Analisa Pengolahan Limbah Alat Pelindung Diri Covid-19 sebagai Substitusi dalam Pembuatan Sandwich Panel,” JTERA (Jurnal Teknol. Rekayasa), vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 201, 2021.

B. Z. N. Bayusunuputro, C. Suryawati, and N. Nurjazuli, “Solid Medical Waste Management Costs Between Outsourcing and Self-Managed System At Hospital During the Covid-19 Pandemic,” J. Ris. Kesehat., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 99–104, 2021.

N. Ardiana, I. W. Koko, B. Ridhosari, and M. Mutiara, “Hazardous Waste Generation and Composition from Electric Train Activities,” vol. 05, no. 01, pp. 62–67, 2022.

E. Singh, A. Kumar, R. Mishra, and S. Kumar, “Solid waste management during COVID-19 pandemic: Recovery techniques and responses,” Chemosphere, vol. 288, pp. 132451, 2022.

Abstract 74 View    PDF viewed = 40 View


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 JTERA (Jurnal Teknologi Rekayasa)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright @2016-2021 JTERA (Jurnal Teknologi Rekayasa) p-ISSN 2548-737X e-ISSN 2548-8678.

     Lisensi Creative Commons

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


JTERA Editorial Office:
Politeknik Sukabumi
Jl. Babakan Sirna 25, Sukabumi 43132, West Java, Indonesia
Phone/Fax: +62 266215417
Whatsapp: +62 81809214709